Category Archives: Productology

Microsoft Patch Tuesday April 2023: CLFS EoP, Word RCE, MSMQ QueueJumper RCE, PCL6, DNS, DHCP

Hello everyone! This episode will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for April 2023, including vulnerabilities that were added between March and April Patch Tuesdays.

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239123

As usual, I use my open source Vulristics project to analyse and prioritize vulnerabilities. I took the comments about the vulnerabilities from the Qualys, Tenable, Rapid7, ZDI Patch Tuesday reviews. And this is the first Patch Tuesday report since I added EPSS support to Vulristics. 😉

Compared to March, Microsoft Patch Tuesday for April 2023 is kind of weak. 🙄

Continue reading

Vulristics News: EPSS v3 Support, Integration into Cloud Advisor

Hello everyone! This episode will focus on the news from my open source Vulristics project for vulnerability analysis and prioritization.

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239122

EPSS v3

The third iteration of the Exploit Prediction Scoring System (EPSS) was released in March. It is stated that EPSS has become 82% better. There is a pretty cool and detailed article about the changes. For example, EPSS Team began to analyze not 16 parameters of vulnerabilities, but 1164. I have a suspicion that most of these properties are vendor labels, as in the table.

But trying to figure out how it actually works is not very promising. After all, this is the output of some neural network. So there is no algorithm there. In terms of complexity and incomprehensibility, this is already similar to Tenable VPR. But the fact that EPSS is available for free redeems everything. 😇 By the way, the article mentions Tenable VPR and other commercial scores and criticizes them for their proprietary nature, public inaccessibility, and the fact that these scores are partly based on expert opinion, and not just on data.

Continue reading

Microsoft Patch Tuesday March 2023: Outlook EoP, MOTW Bypass, Excel DoS, HTTP/3 RCE, ICMP RCE, RPC RCE

Hello everyone! This episode will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for March 2023, including vulnerabilities that were added between February and March Patch Tuesdays.

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239119

As usual, I use my open source Vulristics project to analyse and prioritize vulnerabilities. I took the comments about the vulnerabilities from the Qualys, Tenable, Rapid7, ZDI Patch Tuesday reviews.

Microsoft Patch Tuesday for March 2023 was quite refreshing. 😈

Continue reading

Microsoft Patch Tuesday February 2023: Win Graphics RCE, Edge RCE, Publisher SFB, CLFS EoP, Exchange RCEs, Word RCE, HoloLens1

Hello everyone! This episode will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for February 2023, including vulnerabilities that were added between January and February Patch Tuesdays.

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239118

This month I decided to change the format a bit. Now I share my impression of Microsoft Patch Tuesday on the same Patch Tuesday day in my main telegram channel avleonovcom and my second russian telegram channel avleonovrus. You can also find a draft of the Vulristics report there. So please subscribe. And the full blog post/video is published with a delay. And, in fact, this is it.

As usual, I use my open source Vulristics project to analyse and prioritize vulnerabilities. I took the comments about the vulnerabilities from the Qualys, Tenable, Rapid7, ZDI Patch Tuesday reviews.

Continue reading

Microsoft Patch Tuesday January 2023: ALPC EoP, Win Backup EoP, LocalPotato, Exchange, Remote RCEs

Hello everyone! This episode will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for January 2023, including vulnerabilities that were added between December and January Patch Tuesdays.

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239115

As usual, I use my open source Vulristics project to analyse and prioritize vulnerabilities. I took the comments about the vulnerabilities from the Qualys, Nessus, Rapid7 and ZDI Patch Tuesday reviews.

Continue reading

How Debian OVAL content is structured

Hello everyone! As we saw in the last episode, the results of vulnerability detection for one host produced by two different APIs can vary greatly. Therefore, in order to find out the truth, it is necessary to understand what vulnerability data is provided by the Linux distribution vendor and how this data is structured.

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239114

Why is it important to do this? Because using data from a Linux distribution vendor, we can ask vulnerability detection API vendors questions: why are you detecting in a different way than described in this data? And then we will understand what caused the difference. And we will either adjust the API for vulnerability detection, or we will adjust the content of the Linux distribution vendor. Either way, it will be a success! In any case, the transparency of the vulnerability detection process will increase.

Last time we looked at vulnerabilities for Debian host and Debian Docker base image. So let’s continue with Debian. In particular, with the official Debian OVAL (Open Vulnerability and Assessment Language) content.

Debian OVAL content can be downloaded from the https://debian.org/security/oval/ website. For Debian 11.6 it will be https://debian.org/security/oval/oval-definitions-bullseye.xml (~48M).

Continue reading

Scanvus now supports Vulners and Vulns.io VM Linux vulnerability detection APIs

Hello everyone! Great news for my open source Scanvus project! You can now perform vulnerability checks on Linux hosts and docker images not only using the Vulners.com API, but also with the Vulns.io VM API. It’s especially nice that all the code to support the new API was written and contributed by colleagues from Vulns.io. I just had to do the final test. Many thanks to them for this!

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239113

How can the support of these two APIs in Scanvus be useful?

  1. Now there is no binding to one vendor. Choose which service and price you prefer.
  2. The set of supported operating systems varies between Vulners.com and Vulns.io. If a particular Linux distribution is not supported by one vendor, it may be supported by another vendor.
  3. Vulners and Vulns.io implemented vulnerability checks independently of each other. If the results differ when scanning the same host/image, then implementation errors will be clearly visible.
  4. Scanvus is released under the MIT license, so you can use it as an example of working with the Vulners.com and Vulns.io APIs and use this code in your projects.
Continue reading