Category Archives: Vulristics

Microsoft Patch Tuesday January 2022

Hello everyone! This episode will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for January 2022. Traditionally, I will use my open source Vulristics tool for analysis. This time I didn’t make any changes to how connectors work. The report generation worked correctly on the first try.

python3.8 vulristics.py --report-type "ms_patch_tuesday" --mspt-year 2022 --mspt-month "January" --rewrite-flag "True"

The only thing I have improved is the detection of types of vulnerabilities and vulnerable products. “Unknown Vulnerability Type” was for two vulnerabilities, so I added the “Elevation Of Privilege” и “Cross-Site Scripting” spelling options. I added detections for 13 products and 19 Windows components. I also corrected the method for sorting vulnerabilities with the same Vulristics score. Previously, such vulnerabilities were sorted by CVE id, now they are sorted by vulnerability type and product. This allows you to see the clusters of similar vulnerabilities.

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Microsoft Patch Tuesday December 2021

Hello everyone! It’s even strange to talk about other vulnerabilities, while everyone is so focused on vulnerabilities in log4j. But life doesn’t stop. Other vulnerabilities appear every day. And of course, there are many critical ones among them that require immediate patching. This episode will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for December 2021.

I will traditionally use my open source Vulristics tool for analysis.

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Vulristics Command Line Interface, improved Product & Vuln. Type Detections and Microsoft Patch Tuesday November 2021

Hello everyone! In this episode I want to highlight the latest changes in my Vulristics project. For those who don’t know, this is a utility for prioritizing CVE vulnerabilities based on data from various sources.. Currently Microsoft, NVD, Vulners, AttackerKB.

Command Line Interface

I started working on the CLI for Vulristics. Of course, it is not normal to edit scripts every time to release a report.

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Security News: Microsoft Patch Tuesday October 2021, Autodiscover, MysterySnail, Exchange, DNS, Apache, HAProxy, VMware vCenter, Moodle

Hello everyone! This episode will be about relatively recent critical vulnerabilities. Let’s start with Microsoft Patch Tuesday for October 2021. Specifically, with the vulnerability that I expected there, but it didn’t get there.

Autodiscover leak discovered by Guardicore Labs

“Autodiscover, a protocol used by Microsoft Exchange for automatic configuration of clients such as Microsoft Outlook, has a design flaw that causes the protocol to “leak” web requests to Autodiscover domains outside of the user’s domain but in the same TLD (i.e. Autodiscover.com).” Guardicore Labs acquired multiple Autodiscover domains and have captured 372,072 Windows domain credentials in total. It seems Microsoft have chosen to ignore this issue. No CVE, no Outlook or ActiveSync patches. The only fix is to ban the “Autodiscover.” domains on devices.

Microsoft Patch Tuesday for October 2021

74 vulnerabilities: 1 Critical, 30 High, 43 Medium.

Elevation of Privilege – Windows Kernel (CVE-2021-40449)

It is a use-after-free vulnerability in the NtGdiResetDC function of the Win32k driver. A detailed technical description is available in Kasperky Securelist post, but, in short, the vulnerability can lead to leakage of kernel module addresses in the computer’s memory. This vulnerability is being exploited in the wild by APT MysterySnail. All servers and desktops should be updated.

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Security News: Microsoft Patch Tuesday September 2021, OMIGOD, MSHTML RCE, Confluence RCE, Ghostscript RCE, FORCEDENTRY Pegasus

Hello everyone! This time, let’s talk about recent vulnerabilities. I’ll start with Microsoft Patch Tuesday for September 2021. I created a report using my Vulristics tool. You can see the full report here.

The most interesting thing about the September Patch Tuesday is that the top 3 VM vendors ignored almost all RCEs in their reviews. However, there were interesting RCEs in the Office products. And what is most unforgivable is that they did not mention CVE-2021-38647 RCE in OMI – Open Management Infrastructure. Only ZDI wrote about this.

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Security News: Microsoft Patch Tuesday August 2021, Phishers Started Using reCAPTCHA, Scan 1 IP and Go to Jail

Hello everyone! Yet another news episode.

Microsoft’s August Patch Tuesday

Let’s start with Microsoft’s August Patch Tuesday. I think the most interesting thing is that it contains a fix for the PetitPotam vulnerability. I talked about this vulnerability two weeks ago. At the time, Microsoft had no plans to release a patch because PetitPotam was a “classic NTLM Relay Attack”. But the patch was actually released as part of August Patch Tuesday.

A quote from Rapid7: “Tracked as CVE-2021-36942, the August 2021 Patch Tuesday security update blocks the affected API calls OpenEncryptedFileRawA and OpenEncryptedFileRawW through the LSARPC interface”.

There are no formal signs that this vulnerability is critical other than comments from the vendors. My Vulristics tool has flagged this “Windows LSA Spoofing” as a Medium level Vulnerability. But this fix seems to be the most important thing in this Patch Tuesday. So install this patch first.

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Vulristics Microsoft Patch Tuesday July 2021: Zero-days EoP in Kernel and RCE in Scripting Engine, RCEs in Kernel, DNS Server, Exchange and Hyper-V

Hello everyone! For the past 9 months, I’ve been doing Microsoft Patch Tuesday reviews quarterly. Now I think it would be better to review the July Patch Tuesday while the topic is still fresh. And that will save us some time in the next Last Week’s Security news episode. So, July Patch Tuesday, 116 vulnerabilities.

The 2 most critical are the Windows Kernel Elevation of Privilege Vulnerabilities (CVE-2021-31979, CVE-2021-33771). These vulnerabilities are critical because they are used in real attacks according to Microsoft’s Threat Intelligence Center and Security Response Center. Tenable: “A local, authenticated attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to run processes with elevated permissions. Similar zero-day vulnerabilities were patched in April 2020, which were observed under active exploitation by Google Project Zero.”

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