Tag Archives: Exchange

Microsoft Patch Tuesday March 2022

Hello everyone! I am glad to greet you from the most sanctioned country in the world. Despite all the difficulties, we carry on. I even have some time to release new episodes. This time it will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for March 2022.

Alternative video link (for Russia): https://vk.com/video-149273431_456239076

I do the analysis as usual with my open source tool Vulristics. You can still download it on github. I hope that github won’t block Russian repositories and accounts, but for now it looks possible. Most likely, I will just start hosting the sources of my projects on avleonov.com in this case. Or on another domain, if it gets even tougher. Stay tuned.

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Microsoft Patch Tuesday January 2022

Hello everyone! This episode will be about Microsoft Patch Tuesday for January 2022. Traditionally, I will use my open source Vulristics tool for analysis. This time I didn’t make any changes to how connectors work. The report generation worked correctly on the first try.

python3.8 vulristics.py --report-type "ms_patch_tuesday" --mspt-year 2022 --mspt-month "January" --rewrite-flag "True"

The only thing I have improved is the detection of types of vulnerabilities and vulnerable products. “Unknown Vulnerability Type” was for two vulnerabilities, so I added the “Elevation Of Privilege” и “Cross-Site Scripting” spelling options. I added detections for 13 products and 19 Windows components. I also corrected the method for sorting vulnerabilities with the same Vulristics score. Previously, such vulnerabilities were sorted by CVE id, now they are sorted by vulnerability type and product. This allows you to see the clusters of similar vulnerabilities.

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Vulristics Command Line Interface, improved Product & Vuln. Type Detections and Microsoft Patch Tuesday November 2021

Hello everyone! In this episode I want to highlight the latest changes in my Vulristics project. For those who don’t know, this is a utility for prioritizing CVE vulnerabilities based on data from various sources.. Currently Microsoft, NVD, Vulners, AttackerKB.

Command Line Interface

I started working on the CLI for Vulristics. Of course, it is not normal to edit scripts every time to release a report.

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Security News: Microsoft Patch Tuesday October 2021, Autodiscover, MysterySnail, Exchange, DNS, Apache, HAProxy, VMware vCenter, Moodle

Hello everyone! This episode will be about relatively recent critical vulnerabilities. Let’s start with Microsoft Patch Tuesday for October 2021. Specifically, with the vulnerability that I expected there, but it didn’t get there.

Autodiscover leak discovered by Guardicore Labs

“Autodiscover, a protocol used by Microsoft Exchange for automatic configuration of clients such as Microsoft Outlook, has a design flaw that causes the protocol to “leak” web requests to Autodiscover domains outside of the user’s domain but in the same TLD (i.e. Autodiscover.com).” Guardicore Labs acquired multiple Autodiscover domains and have captured 372,072 Windows domain credentials in total. It seems Microsoft have chosen to ignore this issue. No CVE, no Outlook or ActiveSync patches. The only fix is to ban the “Autodiscover.” domains on devices.

Microsoft Patch Tuesday for October 2021

74 vulnerabilities: 1 Critical, 30 High, 43 Medium.

Elevation of Privilege – Windows Kernel (CVE-2021-40449)

It is a use-after-free vulnerability in the NtGdiResetDC function of the Win32k driver. A detailed technical description is available in Kasperky Securelist post, but, in short, the vulnerability can lead to leakage of kernel module addresses in the computer’s memory. This vulnerability is being exploited in the wild by APT MysterySnail. All servers and desktops should be updated.

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Security News: Exchange ProxyShell, Zoom RCE, Citrix Canceled PT Acknowledgments, Cisco No Patch Router RCEs

Hello everyone! This is a new episode with my comments on the latest Information Security news.

Exchange ProxyShell

I want to start with something about attacks on Exchange. ProxyShell is in the news, the LockFile ransomware compromised more than 2000 servers. On the other hand, there is basically nothing to say here.

ProxyShell is the name for 3 vulnerabilities. The bulletins for Remote Code Execution CVE-2021-34473 and Server Elevation of Privilege CVE-2021-34523 were released on July 13, but were fixed by April Patch Tuesday patches. Yes, it happens sometimes. The bulletin for Security Feature Bypass CVE-2021-31207 was released on May 11. Users had 4 months to install the updates. Interestingly, 2 out of 3 vulnerabilities have the property “Less likely to be exploited”. As you can see, it’s pretty useless.

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Last Week’s Security News: Black Hat Pwnie Awards, iPhone Checks Photos, Evil Windows Print Server, Cisco VPN Routers Takeovers

Hello everyone! Last Week’s Security News, August 1 – August 8.

Black Hat Pwnie Awards

Last week was more quiet than normal with Black Hat USA and DEF CON security conferences. I would like to start with the Pwnie Awards, which are held annually at Black Hat. It’s like an Oscar or Tony in the information security world. Pwnie Awards recognizes both excellence and incompetence. And, in general, is a very respectable, adequate and fun event.

There were 10 nominations. I will note a few.

  • Firstly 2 nominations, which were received by the guys from Qualys.
    Best Privilege Escalation Bug: Baron Samedit, a 10-year-old exploit in sudo.
    Most Under-Hyped Research: 21Nails, 21 vulnerabilities in Exim, the Internet’s most popular mail server.
  • Best Server-Side Bug: Orange Tsai, for his Microsoft Exchange Server ProxyLogon attack surface discoveries.
  • Most Epic Fail: Microsoft, for their failure to fix PrintNightmare.
  • Best Song: The Ransomware Song by Forrest Brazeal
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Vulristics Microsoft Patch Tuesday July 2021: Zero-days EoP in Kernel and RCE in Scripting Engine, RCEs in Kernel, DNS Server, Exchange and Hyper-V

Hello everyone! For the past 9 months, I’ve been doing Microsoft Patch Tuesday reviews quarterly. Now I think it would be better to review the July Patch Tuesday while the topic is still fresh. And that will save us some time in the next Last Week’s Security news episode. So, July Patch Tuesday, 116 vulnerabilities.

The 2 most critical are the Windows Kernel Elevation of Privilege Vulnerabilities (CVE-2021-31979, CVE-2021-33771). These vulnerabilities are critical because they are used in real attacks according to Microsoft’s Threat Intelligence Center and Security Response Center. Tenable: “A local, authenticated attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to run processes with elevated permissions. Similar zero-day vulnerabilities were patched in April 2020, which were observed under active exploitation by Google Project Zero.”

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